Écrit par Jordane Lluent

Comment proposer une vision originale du changement climatique quand on est photographe ? Si, dans l’imaginaire collectif, le changement climatique est souvent associé à des images d’ours polaires en perdition sur la banquise, il existe malheureusement bien d’autres sujets aptes à éveiller les consciences.

MakeSense STORiES a sélectionné 15 photographes qui offrent un regard différent (mais non moins flippant) sur les conséquences du changement climatique sur notre belle planète et ses habitants.

MakeSense a rédigé cet article dans le cadre du lancement de l’étude « Des images et des actes » réalisée par Place To B pour mieux comprendre l’impact de la photographie dans la communication environnementale. 

L’étude « Des images et des actes » est la première étude menée par The Baseline, le centre de ressources de Place to B. Elle se veut une aide documentée et factuelle pour tous les acteurs qui traitent des sujets liés au changement climatique.

Recensés sur la plateforme desimagesetdesactes.fr, les résultats de l’étude et les témoignages vidéos d’experts permettent de comprendre l’impact émotionnel et l’incitation à l’action que provoquent les photographies climatiques dans les prises de conscience et les changements de comportement des citoyens.
Une étude menée par Place to B, d’après l’étude initiale Climate Visuals lancée Climate Outreach. En partenariat avec l’ADEME, BVA, Mickaël Dupré, Qu’est-ce qu’on fait?! et The Conversation France.

1. Gideon Mendel

Drowning World, le projet de cet artiste sud-africain met l’accent sur une des conséquences majeures du changement climatique : les inondations. Lassé des photos de banquises, il montre des gens comme vous et moi directement confrontés aux conséquences du bouleversement écologique. Vous pouvez l’écouter parler de son projet ici .

2. Vilde Rolfsen

Cette artiste norvégienne, en photographiant des installations faites à partir de sacs en plastique, nous incite à nous interroger sur notre consommation. Car oui, le plastique, c’est vraiment pas fantastique. 

3. Sebastião Salgado

Avec Genesis, Sebastião Salgado, le renommé photographe brésilien nous montre les quelques endroits sur terre où la nature règne encore en maître. Son but ? Montrer l’innocence de notre planète et inciter ainsi les gens à la préserver. Si vous ne l’avez pas encore vu, le magnifique film « Le Sel de la terre » raconte l’histoire de ce photographe hors-norme.

Buffaloes, Kafue National Park, Zambia, 2010. #sebastiaosalgado

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4. James Balog

Son projet Extreme Ice Survey, créé en 2007 en collaboration notamment avec des scientifiques, explore l’impact du changement climatiques sur les glaciers. Les photographies et vidéos capturées donnent lieu à des images spectaculaires.

5. Lisa Murray

Lisa Murray, au lieu de photographier des paysages dévastés, se concentre sur les personnes affectées par le changement climatique. Elle nous permet ainsi de confronter un thème abstrait à une réalité très concrète, comme ces Sud-Soudanais confrontés à des changements de régimes des pluies qui mènent à des catastrophes agriculturelles. Elle raconte sa démarche dans cet article. 

Alec walks towards her small plot of land which was recently flooded. She is facing the common dilemma of whether to plant crops in flood or drought prone land. "The things I planted on the riverside have been destroyed; the okra, the sorghum, everything was destroyed.” Alec wants to leave Hong Boui and migrate to the city of Khartoum in search of work with a steadier income. However, her husband is against it believing it’s not a woman’s place to travel and he is fearful of her safety. “I coped by going to the highland and collecting firewood to sell. I also collect roots from the forest and sand from the river but everyone collects sand from the river so it’s not profitable to sell. Then I collect wild leaves and fruits for the children to eat.” says Alec.

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6. Maxime Riché et Luke Duggleby

Maxime Riché et Luke Duggleby ont créé avec Climate Heroes un projet qui rassemble les histoires inspirantes de personnes qui innovent pour contrer le changement climatique ou pour informer sur ses conséquences.

Jintana Kaewkao has been opposing the construction of a #coal plant on her village's beach in the Prachuab Khirikhan province in Thailand for over 10 years. Although Jintana didn't quite understand climate change until she started fighting against the construction of the plant, she stepped up and took a leadership role in her community. Although she risked her life and suffered imprisonment on several occasions, she has never regretted it and never felt better about educating her fellow villagers on #climatechange. #ClimateHeroes brings inspiration to the citizens of the world by telling the positive examples and solutions of women and men around the world, who have started acting to mitigate climate change. We have been working since 2010 documenting those Heroes and would also like to thank you @leonardodicaprio for providing the opportunity to bring those stories to the public together in 2014 for the #momentforaction website and awareness campaign. We are now working to bring even more inspiration to the public during the #COP21 conference this December in #Paris. #LDFoundation #climatechange #everydayclimatechange Photo Luke Duggleby / Climate Heroes

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Subari, a 30 year old organic coffee plantation owner is working on his land. He legally aquired it from the government and now protects against #deforestation in Sumatra, #Indonesia. #ClimateHeroes brings inspiration to the citizens of the world by telling the positive examples and solutions of women and men around the world, who have started acting to mitigate climate change. We have been working since 2010 documenting those Heroes and would also like to thank you @leonardodicaprio for providing the opportunity to bring those stories to the public together in 2014 for the #momentforaction website and awareness campaign. We are now working to bring even more inspiration to the public during the #COP21 conference this December in #Paris. #LDFoundation #climatechange #everydayclimatechange Photo Max Riché / Climate Heroes

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7. Klara Beck, Antoine Bruy, Cyrus Cornut, Charles Delcourt, Tim Franco, Lek Kiatsirikajorn, Olivia Lavergne, Simon Norfolk, Nyani Quarmyne et Sébastien Tixier

Photographes qui ont participé au livre « Une poignée de degrés »

À l’occasion de la COP21, une exposition fut organisée à Lille autour de dix photographies sur le thème du réchauffement climatique. En amont, le public pouvait répondre à chaque photographie par une autre photographie sur un site internet. Les photographies réponses ont ensuite été affichées lors de l’exposition autour sur le mur. Un livre a repris cette expérience participative agrémentée de textes et poèmes.

8. Sean Gallagher

Britannique, Sean Gallagher focalise ses photographies sur les problèmes environnementaux et sociaux en Asie. Il porte notamment à notre attention le problème de la désertification en Chine.

This weekend (17th June) marks the World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought. This is a topic I have spent much time covering during my career, most notably in my two projects ‘Desertification in China‘ and ‘The Broken Land: Drought in India” which was a short film and photo-essay. —- As outlined by the UN‘s website: “Desertification is the degradation of land in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas. It is caused primarily by human activities and climatic variations. Desertification does not refer to the expansion of existing deserts. It occurs because dryland ecosystems, which cover over one third of the world‘s land area, are extremely vulnerable to overexploitation and inappropriate land use. Poverty, political instability, deforestation, overgrazing and bad irrigation practices can all undermine the productivity of the land.” It continues, “Over 250 million people are directly affected by desertification, and about one billion people in over one hundred countries are at risk. These people include many of the world‘s poorest, most marginalized and politically weak citizens.” — #asia #china #deserts #desertification #environment #climatechange @pulitzercenter @natgeocreative @unep

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9. John No­vis

Cet ancien de Greenpeace concentre en ce moment ses photographies sur l’impact du changement climatique, sur les populations, les paysages, le monde. Une de ses dernière série traite ainsi de l’impact du changement climatique sur les familles nomades en Chine, obligées de modifier leur mode de vie.

The young daughter of a nomadic family, a little camera shy, looks up from reading her book in her home. A portrait of Chairman Mao is seen on the wall in the background. She is a beneficiary of antipoverty projects in Yellow River Source, Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Dari County, Qinghai, China. Extreme changes in environmental conditions since the 1980’s has forced nomadic families from their traditional way of life due to climate  change and overgrazing increasing grassland degradation, depriving them of their livelihood. The Chinese government is currently attempting to  house the nomadic people in new compounds on the Tibet Plateau. Due to its particular hydrology, the Yellow River is very sensitive to even small changes in its water supply. Over 120 million people rely on the Yellow River ‘s water for domestic as well as agricultural­tural and  industrial uses.  #golog #yellowriver #tibetplateau  #qinghai #china #child #kitchen #families #ethinic #poverty #climatestories #climatechange #greenhousegas #landscape #travelphotography #photographydaily #assignment #photographersgallery #nofilter #natgeowild #instagram #everydayeverywhere #canoneos #picoftheday #ic_landscapes @greenpeace

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10. James Whitlow Delano

James Whitlow Delano fonde en 2015 Every Day Climate Change, un compte Instagram collaboratif pour démontrer la réalité du changement climatique.
En parallèle, ce photographe qui vit en Asie depuis plus de 20 ans, privilégie les photographies sur les thèmes des droits de l’Homme et des projets environnementaux.

Young resident of Bangung Bayan C4 in Navotas, Metro Manila sits in the Tullahan River delta, more prone than ever to flash flooding and typhoon storm surges due to climate change. The estuary, like the shores of Manila Bay, are completely choked with plastics. Not only is the abundance of plastic an environmental threat to marine wildlife, it hampers drainage, exacerbating the flood danger to Metro Manila's poorest, most vulnerable residents. Also plastics are petroleum-based products releasing greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Metro Manila, Philippines This project was funded by the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting #climatechange #globalwarming #flooding #water #poverty #plastic #humanrights #health #safety #slums #Manila #MetroManila #Philippines #PulitzerCenter

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11. Georgina Goodwin

Cette photographe kényane se concentre sur les sujets sociaux et environnementaux en Afrique de l’Est, et notamment dans son pays, le Kenya. Son travail depuis cinq ans dans la région permet de montrer comment le climat y devient plus extrême et aride avec le temps.

10 year old Asunta walks across the drying Ewaso Nyiro river in Samburu, north Kenya. The Ewaso Nyiro River flows down from Mount Kenya and is the lifeline for thousands of people, their livestock and the wildlife in the Samburu and Buffalo Springs game reserves. Due to climate change, glaciers on Mt Kenya have receded and almost vanished which means less meltwater for the various tributaries which drain into the Ewaso. Many are drying up. Northern Kenya is also now experiencing intense droughts at shorter intervals with intermittent massive rain and flooding. This not only impacts the livelihoods of the pastoral community whose ways of life revolve around the availability of pasture and water for their livestock but the wildlife who die in large numbers or become so weak they cannot move or hunt. Conflicts between different communities erupt more often at water points and armed cattle rustlers increase attacks in outside areas. . . People and wildlife in marginal areas have limited capacity to respond to climate change-related shocks making them very vulnerable. It is now ever more important for governments to finance research and support local knowledge and traditional management strategies to help in adapting to climate change and changeability. . . . . #climatechange #globalwarming #Samburu #water #desert #desertification #toldwithexposure @everydayclimatechange #everydayclimatechange #visualsoflife #followmetoo #climatechangeisreal @natgeo #natgeo #reframeclimate #dust #mycanon #canonphotos #photojournalism #documentary #reportagespotlight #myfeatureshoot #womeninphotojournalism #apjd

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12. Sima Diab

Syrienne-américaine basée au Caire, ses sujets de prédilection photographiques de Sima Diab, sont les réfugiés, la migration et le climat. On retrouve dans ses photographie une attention particulière portée aux conséquences de la hausse du niveau de la mer, des cités potentiellement englouties au sel qui se retrouve en grande quantité dans les terres agricoles.

Young men compete jumping off a cliff in Alexandria, Egypt. There aren't many natural cliffs left to protect Alexandria from rising sea levels so the Egyptian government attempts to protect this ancient city by erecting higher sea walls and wave breakers out to sea. Alexandria is one of the top cities around the world that will be most affected by climate change and sea level rise. Underneath modern-day Alexandria lay two other ancient Alexandrias. It is said if you dig anywhere along the coastline, or dive along its shores you'd discover ancient antiquities. But both of those Alexandria were swallowed in to sea by cataclysmic climactic events and both times ancient Alexandria sunk to the bottom of the Mediterranean. Some researchers and climate watchers in today's Alexandria fear when the third time Alexandria sinks, as they believe it could be inevitable, it will be primarily because of man-made acceleration of climate change. #climatechange #climatechangeisreal #alexandria #egypt #coast #sealevelrise #sea #mediterranean #everydayclimatechange @everydayclimatechange

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13. JB Russell

Américain, contributeur de Every Day Climate Change, JB Russell voyage en Afrique, en Asie et même en Europe et photographie les ravages du changement climatique.

Photo by @jbrussell for @everydayclimatechange. Toposa tribal men and woman draw water from a hole dug in the dry bed of the Singaita River in Eastern Equatoria province. Drought, flooding and erratic rainy seasons in the Horn of Africa have severely affected the region in recent decades. Traditional pastoralist herdsmen depend on water resources and seasonal grazing lands for the survival of their all-important herds, their communities and way of life. Global warming induced climate change is making water resources and pasture lands increasingly scarce which in turn exacerbates tribal tensions and violence in the fragile young nation. #climatechangeisreal #climatechange, #globalwarming, #drought #water #pastoralists #tribes #SouthSudan #environment #Africa. Kapoeta, South Sudan.

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14. Franck Vogel

Photographe et réalisateur français, Franck Vogel s’intéresse à des sujets sociaux et environnementaux avec ces derniers temps un accent sur les fleuves et les tensions autour de leur accès.

Jordan – Jordanian boys hanging out at the Sharhabil (Ziglab) dam. After six years of drought, measuring sticks are useless at the Ziglab Dam in Jordan, built to catch water flowing west into the Jordan River for irrigation. Its reservoir has shrunk to a fifth of capacity and hasn’t filled since 2003, forcing Jordan to ration water. The site is also part of the EcoPark, created in 2004 by EcoPeace Middle East. This image is part of the Jordan story from the “Transboundary Rivers” project: www.transboundary-rivers.com A book with the Nile, Brahmaputra, Colorado and Jordan Rivers will be released in Sept 2016 by Edition de la Martiniere in France and next year in the US and Germany. #jordan #jordanriver #middleeast #dam #ziglab #climatechangeisreal #everydayclimatechange #river #water #transboundaryrivers #project #photojournalism #franckvogel #book #documentaryphotography #picoftheday #photooftheday #reportage #franckvogel

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 15. Ashley Cooper

Ce Britannique documente depuis une quinzaine d’années l’impact du changement climatique sur tous les continents … mais aussi les projets porteurs d’espoir.
Réunies dans un livre, les photographies offrent une vision contrastée de la situation actuelle.

 

 

Crédit photo de couverture : Antoine Bruy